Catan for 2 Players: Rules, Expansions & More

Settlers of Catan is one of the most popular board games out there, as it is an example of a perfect design. Your decisions matter, it involves just a right amount of randomness, and it has a compelling goal. However, one of its biggest downsides is that it isn’t a great game if there are only two players. That’s why today we’ll talk about how to play Catan with 2 players.

Alternate Catan Rules for 2 Players

The easiest thing you can do is to change some rules in order to improve the experience. These are not the official rules, but the rules that various players incorporated over the years. Don’t worry – we’ll explain why it makes sense to use these rules.

Keep in mind, that you don’t have to use all rules changes that we suggest. The so-called house rules should be the ones that make the game the most fun for you and your Catan partner.

Less Territory

One of the great strategic elements of Catan is competing for the limited amount of land available. When there are only two players, there isn’t that much competition for resources. You can combat that by removing some resource tiles.

In total, you have to remove five tiles, one for each resource. These are now considered Water tiles, which means that your island should consist of:

  • 5 Water Tiles (the flipped tiles)
  • 3 Fields
  • 3 Forests
  • 3 Pastures
  • 2 Hills
  • 2 Mountains
  • 1 Desert

Of course, this means that you’ll end up with too many number tokens. You should remove one of each of the following number tokens: 3, 4, 10, 11. Then you put both 2 and 12 number tokens on one tile. You get resources from that tile whenever you roll 2 or 12.

You’ll also want to distribute everything evenly. Make sure that the red numbers are not next to each other. The game will usually play out better if the tiles of the same resource are not all bundled together. That doesn’t mean that you can’t have two of the same resource together, but you want to avoid three of them.

So you could end up with something like this.

Settlers of Catan for 2 Players Board Example

Bridge Building

The Water tiles often make some problems for expanding. You can deal with that by adding bridges to the game. These are essentially roads that you can build across the water tiles. You need either one bridge (between two water tiles) or two (directly across a single water tile) to cross the water.

A single bridge costs one Ore and one Wood. You can also change that to one Sheep and one Wood. While this does make less sense as far as the flavor goes, it does give another use for Sheep, which is considered the weakest resource.

The bridges still count towards the longest road.

Speeding Up

Another problem with Catan for 2 players is the speed of the game. With less trading partners, the game becomes slower. The following two changes take care of that.

Start With 4 Resources

First, you start with four resources. You pick four tiles that your towns are placed next to, and you get their resources. This way you’ll be able to start building faster, and also mitigate the luck factor in the first few turns. The latter can really add up over the course of the game.

Roll Twice

At the beginning of their turn, a player always rolls twice, and the resources from both rolls are collected. This way, the game progresses much faster, and makes it more enjoyable overall.

If a seven is rolled, then the Robber is used. Speaking of which, there are some significant changes you can make to it as well.

Robber is Robin Hood

Once a player gets ahead in 2-player Catan, it’s pretty hard for the other player to get back in the game. When you’re playing with more players, this isn’t such a problem, as the other players often start working against the leader.

In Catan for 2 players you can mitigate this issue by changing the Robber rules. Robber now becomes Robin Hood. This means that whenever someone rolls a seven, the player with less victory points moves the Robber, and steals from the other player. (Regardless of who rolled a seven.)

This way, the leader is kept in check, so the game doesn’t get decided early on. If both players have the same amount of victory points, Robber works as usual.

This change doesn’t affect the Knight cards.

No Trading

Most of the time, you don’t want to trade with your sole opponent anyway. The trades are very rarely equally beneficent for both players. So usually, one player will pester the other to make a trade, and a lot of time will be wasted for not much value. Even worse, the more competitive player will often convince the other to make a bad trade.

That’s why it’s best to have no trading whatsoever. That might seem weird at first, but we’d suggest you’d give it a try — it really improves the Catan gameplay for two players.

So, the only way to trade is with the “bank” in a 4:1 ratio. Of course this improves the value of ports, which allow you to trade 3:1, or a specific resource in 2:1.

Cards in Hand Up to 9

With no trading between players, you’re frequently incentivized to hold multiple cards in hand. This can quickly punish you when someone rolls a 7. Consequently, this punishes the player who already wasn’t able to build anything. That’s why the limit for cards in hand goes up to 9.

This means that whenever someone rolls a seven, each player who has more than 9 cards in hand, chooses a half of them and discards them.

Settlers of Catan for 2 Players – Rules Recap

Here’s a quick recap of all the rules that you can use to make your 2-player Catan game more enjoyable:

  • Remove 5 tiles, one for each resource, they become water tiles.
  • You can build Bridges (1 Ore + 1 Wood) across water tiles.
  • Each player starts with 4 resources.
  • Players roll twice instead of once.
  • Robber becomes Robin Hood and steals from the player with more victory points.
  • There’s no trading between players.
  • The card limit for rolling 7 is increased to 9.

2-Player Catan Expansions

However, if you don’t like using house rules, but just want to play the game as it was meant to be played, you also have options.

Rivals for Catan: 2-Player Card Game

Rivals for Catan 2 Player Card Game

An important thing to note here is that is not a regular Catan board game. It’s a card game, with some of the same flavor, but still very different from a regular board game version.

Nevertheless, it does scratch that itch for a good 2-player game with a Catan flavor. You’re still exploring and settling new lands, and using various resources in order to do so. The game has quite a lot of replayability, especially once you factor in the fact that expansions for this version also exists.

Traders and Barbarians

Traders and Barbarians Expansion

Another option that you have is to use an expansion. Don’t forget that you still need the Base Catan game in order to play this, but you will get the full Catan experience.

The first expansion that you can use is Traders & Barbarians. It offers various scenarios from Fisherman of Catan, to Barbarian Attack. Each one of them is pretty exciting, but the problem is that the 2-player variant seems somewhat lacking.

That’s why we’d recommend this version to players who want to enrich their multiplayer games first, while still having an option of a nice 2-player version occasionally. But if you just want to have the best 2-player experience possible, we’d say you rather take a look at the next one.

Explorers and Pirates

Which Settlers of Catan to Buy Explorers and Pirates

Thankfully there’s another expansion, Explorers & Pirates is the expansion you’re probably looking for, as it’s certainly the best Catan expansion for 2 players.

The 2-player game play here is so good, that one could argue that the game is even better with 2 than with 3+ players. The game mode has some special adjustments for two-player mode, but these are entirely optional, as the game play nicely even without them.

The game brings a lot of new stuff to your Catan game. You have ships, which you can move around. (That’s different from the Seafarers expansion). Naturally, there are also Pirates, which also add another layer of excitement to the game.

But the most exciting part of this one is certainly the 2-player mode. It’s balanced, it’s fun, and you don’t need to introduce any house rules at all. So if you’re looking for a cool 2 player experience, you can’t go wrong with Explorers and Pirates.


That’s all about Settlers of Catan for 2 players. If you have any questions, comments, or your own house rules that you’d like to share with our readers, feel free to leave a comment below, and we’ll get back to you.

You can also read more about the best Catan expansions. In that article, we didn’t focus so much on the 2-player versions, but you might still find something useful, especially if you like to play with 3+ players as well.

Furthermore, here are some other articles, that might be interesting to you:

Until next time, have fun and enjoy some 1v1 Catan action!

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